Was Hildegard possibly directly in contact with alchemical texts? Has anyone seriously compared her cosmological principles to early European or Arabic alchemical?
She blends both Platonic and Aristotelian cosmology and concepts of physical substance; used sulphur, salt, and mercury in creating medicines; was a known healer and spell maker, with an apothecary (read: lab of some sort) in the abbey; felt the sapphire (lapis lazuli?) and emerald had great transformative power; taught the principle of microcosm/macrocosm; created a mystic language and alphabet - and no one knows why.
As far as I read of her works, Hildegarde (1098-1179) sounds like someone who will trust more the knowledge deriving from revelation than the one coming from observation. In her Scivias Domini, she stigmatize the ‘vain Philosophy’ as a baleful act of pride, comparing it with the one of ‘the Fallen One’:
"La vaine Philosophie cherchant à découvrir les secrets de la nature, ne fait pas éviter la damnation, au contraire elle y précipite." (in : Les révélations de sainte Hildegarde, ou Scivias Domini : manifesté par le rapprochement de ses visions combinées entre elles [Paris, 1863]; Appendice sur la Grâce et la Philosophie, section 9°, pp.219-221).
Which seems a far cry from the views of her comtemporary, Guillaume de Conches (1080-1150):
"More rationnaly inclined, Willian of Conches regarded the liberal arts as steps that lead man towards an understanding of God. He explained the proper sequence of these studies.(...) Instruction in the Trivium provides the weapons for the study of philosophy. This study should be persued in that order : at first the Quadrivium and after that, the Holy scriptures. Thus knowledge of the created leads to an understanding of the Creator." (A. Katzenellenbogen, Sculptural programs of Chartres Catedral, Ed. Norton, 1959, p.18.)
Last edited on Thu May 14th, 2009 06:58 pm by Carl Lavoie